Volume 10 Number 4 (Oct. 2021)
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IJCCE 2021 Vol.10(4): 85-95 ISSN: 2010-3743
DOI: 10.17706/IJCCE.2021.10.4.85-95

Improved Dimensionality Reduction of Various Datasets Using Novel Multiplicative Factoring Principal Component Analysis (MPCA)

Chisom Ezinne Ogbuanya
Abstract—Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is known to be the most widely applied dimensionality reduction approach. A lot of improvements have been done on the traditional PCA, in order to obtain optimal results in the dimensionality reduction of various datasets. In this paper, we present an improvement to the traditional PCA approach called Multiplicative factoring Principal Component Analysis (MPCA). The advantage of MPCA over the traditional PCA is that a penalty is imposed on the occurrence space through a multiplier to make negligible the effect of outliers in seeking out projections. Here we apply two multiplier approaches, total distance and cosine similarity metrics. These two approaches can learn the relationship that exists between each of the data points and the principal projections in the feature space. As a result of this, improved low-rank projections are gotten through multiplying the data iteratively to make negligible the effect of corrupt data in the training set. Experiments were carried out on YaleB, MNIST, AR, and Isolet datasets and the results were compared to results gotten from some popular dimensionality reduction methods such as traditional PCA, RPCA-OM, and also some recently published methods such as IFPCA-1 and IFPCA-2.

Index Terms—Dimensionality reduction, instance factoring, incomplete data, principal component analysis.

Chisom Ezinne Ogbuanya is with Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Cite:Chisom Ezinne Ogbuanya, "Improved Dimensionality Reduction of Various Datasets Using Novel Multiplicative Factoring Principal Component Analysis (MPCA)," International Journal of Computer and Communication Engineering vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 85-95, 2021.

Copyright © 2021 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3743 (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Comput. Commun. Eng.
Frequency: Quarterly
Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Maode Ma
Abstracting/ Indexing: INSPEC, Google Scholar, Crossref, EBSCO, ProQuest, and Electronic Journals Library
E-mail: ijcce@iap.org
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